The 5 Tallest Skyscrapers in The World
Early skyscrapers were a range of tall, commercial buildings built between 1884 and 1939, predominantly in the American cities of New York and Chicago. Those skyscrapers emerged in the US as a result of economic growth, the financial organization of American businesses, and the intensive use of land. New York was one of the centers of early skyscraper construction, and had a history as a key seaport located on the small island of Manhattan, on the east coast of the US. Skyscraper development paused during the years of the Second World War. Once development began again in the 1950s and 1960s, the skyscraper entered a different phase of development, usually called the international or modern period.
Skyscrapers were also built in other developed countries, although reaching nowhere near the level of construction seen in the US. This was partially due to a lack of funding but also because of local architectural preferences. European cities including London and Paris had laws to ban tall buildings, but elsewhere skyscrapers began to appear including Toronto’s Imperial Bank of Commerce Building, Antwerp’s Boerentoren or Buenos Aires’ Kavanagh Building. Many other European skyscrapers were proposed in a frenzy of excited planning, although few materialized. Soviet Russia began the construction of the 1,365-foot (416 m) Palace of the Soviets in the late 1930s, in the Socialist Classicism style, which would have become the tallest building in the world, but war intervened and the skyscraper was never completed. In the post-war years, this style would result in the monumental Seven Sisters of Moscow building.
However, skyscrapers of today are one step beyond, they are capable of both allowing to the increasing density in urban environments and being dominant architectural monuments along city skylines.
The height of New York City’s One World Trade Center is impressive, yet we found that in the last 15 years almost all of the tallest buildings constructed were built in the Middle East or East Asia, especially Dubai and Shanghai. The graphic above shows Burj Khalifa towers compared to its nearest rivals around the world. Clearly, it is 320 metres taller than its predecessor Taipei 101 in Taiwan, as it is now officially the world’s tallest building. Burj Khalifa is more than twice as high as some of the highest skyscrapers built in recent years. Below, we will discuss some of these buildings in more details.
5. Capital Market Authority Tower in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
The Capital Market Authority Tower is the tallest of five structures that make up the plaza situated in the heart of King Abdullah Financial District, and as such is intended to be the iconic centerpiece of a new era of global financial leadership within Saudi Arabia’s capital city. The tower will occupy the top floors of the 79-storey office tower. The building aims to achieve a Gold LEED standard as it combines architectural excellence and environmental protection. The building facade incorporates a high-performance solar control system to moderate the intense Saudi light and heat.
Architect: HOK + Omrania & Associates
Height: 1,437 feet (438 meters)
Global ranking upon completion: 34th tallest
Size: 1.98 million sq. ft. / 184,000 sq.m.
Floors: 76 beyond the ground – 4 under the ground
Building function: Corporate Offices
More functions: parking – dining facilities – two-story auditorium.
Energy provision: Photovoltaic array installation on the tower’s roof.
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